In 1494, Pinturicchio completed a fresco of the Resurrection in the Borgia Apartments of the Vatican f0r his patron, Pope Alexander VI Borgia. The painting has recently been cleaned and scholars are debating the identity of the nearly nude dancing male figures in the distant background (visible immediately under the figure of the resurrected Christ).
This raises interesting questions. Is this an accurate representation of the men Columbus encountered? What did artists in Rome know about Columbus’s voyages, especially his first voyage of 1492? If Pinturicchio depicted indigenous people here, why? What might this say about views the Christian world held at this time?